"Cognitive science" is a interdisciplinary term that can encompass psychology, biology, computer science . . . . just about any field that can be applied to understanding the workings of the mind. If you broaden your search by including other names for it, you'll see that there are a tremendous number of programs that might appeal to you. Try looking under neuroscience (for a more biological and/or medical approach), psychology, or computer science. For instance, if you look at UCSD's neuroscience program, you'll find many of the top thinkers in cognition on the faculty.
For cognitive neuroscience, check out Duke, UCSD, University of Pittsburgh, University of Rochester, and (I think) Emory in addition to those you've already listed.
If you are interested in AI and computer-related approaches to the mind, check out computer science programs. (I know that Carnegie-Mellon has a joint certificate in cognitive sciences with Pitt through the Center for Neural Base of Cognition: CNBC Home
If you're interested in the psychology side of cognitive sciences, check out programs in psychology to see whether they meet your needs.
If you're interested in vision, then check out the neuroscience departments at Penn and Brown. Most visual cognition research is done on non-human primates, although some is performed on other animals. Visual cognition generally falls under the category of systems neuroscience, if that helps you pinpoint programs.