It is effective for the current year (09-10) --- the government actually is still writing the rules for this year!! It should be automatic. Because this is new & really different, there may be some glitches in aid offices as it is rolled out. I know that I am already preparing for how I will handle posting the second payments for winter. I have a lot of students who go to another local school in the summer that traditionally paid Pell as a summer header (that is, they started the aid year in the summer, rather than the fall). Some of my students will already be slated for award #2 in January --- I have to check prior enrollment and click a box that will allow the 2nd award to be accepted. I don't know what kind of issues I will encounter yet!