You are 16, so it may not be an issue... but know that many music programs will require you to complete four years of study at their institution. This often has to do with music credits not transferring from other institutions, and the number of semesters it takes to work through the voice levels.
The general education classes you take will likely transfer... but may or may not meet general education requirements (depending on the school).
.... just a heads up.
As a 16 year old, It most likely does make sense to wait a year before applying as a vocalist to music programs. Vocal development takes time.
I do not necessarily have suggestions of programs... but look for the kinds of productions that are being done at the schools that interest you, and what kinds of opportunities are going to undergrads. Generally, opera scene programs, operetta, "lighter" opera, opera chorus, and more legit musical theatre seem to be the kinds of opportunities that go to undergrads at most schools. This is not necessarily a bad thing. From what I understand much of the opera repertory could push a young undergraduate student too fast too soon if they were being asked to perform entire roles.
If you are looking at schools that also have graduate programs, make sure they also have opportunities for the development of undergraduates. If you are looking at schools with musical theatre programs, make sure that there is opportunity for VP students to be cast in more legit musical theatre performances and/ or VP students to perform roles in school of music specific musical, operetta, and appropriate opera performances.