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ACT Form 0359F Answer Explanation

jamiebrownwhiltonjamiebrownwhilton Registered User Posts: 1 New Member
edited July 2016 in ACT Preparation
I'm new to college confidential, so I don't know if this is the right place to ask this, but I was wonder if someone could explain question #72 from the form 0359 practice ACT.

Link to question: http://cdn2.hubspot.net/hub/360031/file-2227156992-pdf/Documents/ACT_Test_2005-06.pdf?t=1468608503424 (page 24)



Question text: After sliding the shaft of the replacement feather over the sturdy, light bamboo stick, glue--just a touch is applied.

Replace "glue--just a touch-- is applied." with:
F) NO CHANGE
G) a touch of glue is applied by the rehabilitator.
H) the application of a touch of glue follows.
J) the rehabilitator applies a touch of glue.

Why is the answer J, not G? Don't both work?

Replies to: ACT Form 0359F Answer Explanation

  • mmk2015mmk2015 Registered User Posts: 591 Member
    The Subject has to come right after the comma. Otherwise it's not clear who is doing the Sliding.
  • CougarCatClanCougarCatClan Registered User Posts: 97 Junior Member
    It is because J is in active voice whereas G is in passive voice. In J the subject is performing the verb. In G is unclear who is doing the application.

    Other examples (from yourdictionary.com):
    Harry ate six shrimp at dinner. (active)
    At dinner, six shrimp were eaten *by* Harry. (passive)

    Beautiful giraffes roam the savannah. (active)
    The savannah is roamed *by* beautiful giraffes. (passive)

  • marvin100marvin100 Registered User Posts: 9,650 Senior Member
    @CougarCatClan has it. After grammar principles are dealt with, style comes into play, and passive voice is less preferable than active.
  • AnimeMangoAnimeMango Registered User Posts: 115 Junior Member
    Yup. Just think of it like this. if the answer was G, then the sentence would basically be saying that the "touch of glue" would be doing the sliding of the shaft of the feather onto the bamboo stick instead of the rehabilitator. And that certainly does not make sense.
  • gcf101gcf101 Registered User Posts: 2,529 Senior Member
    Moving an introductory/modifying phrase to a new place in the sentence - right after after the subject - often helps
    on questions of this type.
    Compare:

    A touch of glue, after sliding the shaft of the replacement feather over the sturdy, light bamboo stick, is applied by the rehabilitator.

    The rehabilitator, after sliding the shaft of the replacement feather over the sturdy, light bamboo stick, applies a touch of glue.

    Active over passive voice preference is an additional nail in the choice G's coffin.
  • marvin100marvin100 Registered User Posts: 9,650 Senior Member
    if the answer was G, then the sentence would basically be saying that the "touch of glue" would be doing the sliding of the shaft of the feather onto the bamboo stick instead of the rehabilitator.

    This is false and not how passive voice works.

    Ex: The food was eaten by me
    (does NOT mean the food is performing the action of eating!)
This discussion has been closed.