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...the overall admitted class had a mean SAT subscore of slightly over 740 (start of ~99th percentile), while African American admits had a mean of slightly under 720 (start of ~98th percentile).
I agree @theloniusmonk that a system of discrimination against Asian applicants is a bad thing that needs to stop, if it is happening.
Separate issue from AA though.
I would argue that a cohort with SATs in the 1300s (out of 1600) would indeed be relatively unprepared (and a bit mismatched) especially for Ivy league math, physics, engineering courses.
If Asian Americans are being discriminated against in the way black and Hispanic and female students were at one time, then it's wrong and it needs to stop.
That does not negate the need for affirmative action for those who were and are discriminated against.
What Harvard will not admit—but what the record shows—is that race is not only an important factor, it is the dominant consideration in admitting Hispanics and African Americans. An Asian-American applicant with a 25% chance of admission, for example, would have a 35% chance if he were white, a 75% chance if he were Hispanic, and a 95% chance if he were African American. Harvard understands that, under Supreme Court precedent, racial preferences must be time-limited and can be no more than a “plus” factor in admissions. It just does not seem to care.
The SFFA lawsuit is not only about whether Harvard discriminates against Asians relative to non-Hispanic whites, but whether African Americans and Hispanics receive an admissions boost over Asians.
he Arcidiacono report states that the mean SAT score (across all sections) from the year 2000 to 2017 for African-American admits was 704, whereas it was 767 for Asian-Americans (looking at the scores for many consecutive years rather than just one year paints a fuller picture of what actually happened historically).
These are mean scores so this indicates that a large percentile of African-american admits (>25%) had scores in the 1300s. The SAT is not that demanding of a test. I would argue that a cohort with SATs in the 1300s (out of 1600) would indeed be relatively unprepared (and a bit mismatched) especially for Ivy league math, physics, engineering courses.
1408 is still higher than 94th percentile. As the mean, there will be higher and lower scores, both. Not sure why you focus on the low. But even the low is 87th %ile.
Athletes with a 4 academic rating had a 70% admit rate, while non-athletes had a 0.07% admit rate -- ~1000x lower.