789,325 (53 percent) of SAT takers are female and 686,298 (47 percent) are male.
Thirty-eight percent of SAT takers in the class of 2005 were minorities, the largest percentage of any class of SAT takers to date. All racial/ethnic groups registered increases compared to 1995 although some of the gains were minimal, especially among those with the fastest growth in the numbers of test-takers.
Thirty-six percent of SAT takers are first-generation college students. Fifty-eight percent of first-generation college students are female. This female dominance holds true for all the racial/ethnic groups.
The amount and quality of academic preparation for college varies by racial/ethnic group, parental education, and family income. Precalculus, for example, was taken by:
62 percent of Asian American students versus 34 percent of Puerto Ricans and 32 percent of African Americans;
54 percent of students whose parents graduated from college versus 37 percent of those whose parents did not have high school diplomas; and
52 percent of students with family incomes of $50,000 and above versus 40 percent of those with lower incomes.
Similar to SAT scores, students' performance in high school varies by race/ethnicity. Mean high school GPAs ranged from a high of 3.39 for Asian American students to 2.99 for African American students.