Do people achieve more by cooperation than by competition?
Some people say that people achieve more by cooperation than by competition. Examining sports, psychology, and historical events, however, proves that this isn’t always true. Figure skating, social loafing and The Great Depression all suggest that people achieve more by competition.
Figure skating is one of the most competitive sports. A typical competitive figure skater spends a lot of money and devotes a lot of their precious time in the cold ice rink. Figure skaters falls numerous times a day, some even suffer from long lasting injuries to the point that they have to see the doctor regularly. Sometimes they even sacrifice their education to be home schooled to get more ice time. They all do this for a common goal- to get medals during competitions. If there were no competitions in figure skating, people would not train as hard as they were.
In psychology, social loafing theory states that people tend to contribute less if they were assigned to something that requires cooperation. For example, students tend to put their group projects as their last priority for homework. They tend to think that it is not their fault if the teacher failed the group assignment. In turn, students learn or achieve less by cooperation. I doubt people would spend as much time in a group assignment than in an individual assignment.
The Great Depression was the most severe economic downturn in 1930s happened in the U.S. Stock prices plummeted, and competition for jobs was the greatest in history. Employees get fired instantly if the employer thinks that he or she is lazy. Compared with today’s employees, employees during The Great Depression were much more diligent. If there weren’t competitions for jobs and everyone can get a decent job with minimal effort, people would definitely work as diligently.
People achieve more by competition. Figure skating, social loafing theory, and The Great Depression all prove that people work harder when there are certain competitions. Perhaps we are better off if our world is full of competitions.