I have two adopted from overseas. I’ve belonged to various adoption forums so I knew to readopt in my state right away. Used the same Home Study. They have VA birth certificates. The certificates are identical to my other U.S. born child’s but say “Certificate of Foreign Birth.” I also applied for and received C of C’s back when they were young and the fee was a lot less than now.
After getting the C of C I remember having to go to the SS office to change their status with Social Security. The number didn’t change. If status was not changed their SS# would be kicked back as ineligible to work when they become employed. I was advised to take a copy of the 2000 law that confers automatic citizenship and had to speak to a supervisor to get the status change. The clerk had no idea what I was talking about.
I believe @twoinanddone is correct about the type of visa the child enters on. Somewhere I dimly remember that children from some countries enter on a different visa that does not confer automatic citizenship.
I’ve been told that a U.S. Passport will work as proof of citizenship. To get it you have to take the foreign adoption decree and a certified translation and their birth certificate to the passport office at the post office. The worker there can verify their citizenship and the paperwork won’t have to be mailed away.
My philosophy has been to have two ways to prove they are citizens. They can easily send away for copies of their birth certificates and they have the C of C. I’ve been meaning to get passports. I also got them state i.d. cards issued by our DMV. Those were only $10.
My younger son had to submit a security questionnaire for the Secret Service a couple of years ago. He was visiting the White House. He had to prove citizenship and I guess he passed.
I can’t believe we waded through all that paperwork. I’m sure it got worse after 9-11. Even the FAFSA does not compare.