Evaluate the relative importance of the causes of cultural change in the United States in the period from 1914 to 1945.
I’m looking to see if this good for a dbq essay.
Throughout the 19th century, cultural shifts in us have been increasing. The rise of populism in the country is giving people different ideologies to emphasize the idea of “The People”. We are also seeing a rise in progressivism. Progressivism bases its ideology on science, technology, and economic development. We also see that throughout WW1 we see The Great Migrationhappening with the shift of 6 million African Americans moving from the south to the north and midwest. Since The Great Migration, we’ve seen a cultural shift into the Jazz Age. As time went on, the growing cultural changes of progressivism and populism caused America’s increase in science, technology, and economic development. Although religious beliefs didn’t change with the rapid change of culture, the changes in migration, art, science, and technology have a tremendous effect on cultural aspects in the US. Therefore, the phase-in culture between the time period 1914-1945 is different from years prior.
One of the primary reasons behind American cultural changes with minorities and their stance in today’s world has been changing over a time period. The picture of “Closing the Gate, Chicago Tribune, 1919.” (Doc 2) depicts post World War 1 and US foreign policy and the assimilation of the US. The assimilation at the time was known as Dawes assimilation, which encouraged assimilation among Native Americans. This authorized the government to divide a large number of existing reservations into individual family plots, with the remaining lands being transferred to the federal government. This changed our internal migration by giving more land to the federal government which encouraged more westward expansion. Frannie Hurst explains In the New York Times that women are taking a bigger role in society (Doc 3). Throughout WW1, women were working in the factories while men were away for war. This changed the culture of us because it shows that women can e independent and that women can do everything that men can do if not better. Lastly, with Charles S. Johnson (doc 2), it talks about the difference in political views affected by the economy. Throughout WW1, we see African Americans moving from the south up to the north, known as the Great Migration. This gave African Americans a chance to work in the factories. Also, it affects the arts in the US by the US moving into the Jazz age since the Great Migration started.
While we see minorities influence the change of culture throughout the US, we also see a significance in art and technology throughout the US. while the US was gaining new technology we see a greater change in that technology. John Dewey (doc 4) expresses that “movie, radio, cheap reading and motor car with all they stand for have come to stay.” Dewey is naming technology that has come and is staying with the American people. This has shifted American culture by increasing voter participation. With the addition of radio and the tv, we can see and hear political debates or the presidency which can sway public opinion. In 1939 we see Franklin Roosevelt giving a speech on the opening of the Modern art museum (doc 4). We see that there might be a sensitivity the audience might feel when they unveil the museum. Through this time we were in WW1 and we are in the Great Depression and now we see a rise of nazism in Europe and the museum would signify the bad history of the US.
Thus, While religious beliefs didn’t change with the rapid change of culture, the changes in migration, art, science, and technology have a tremendous effect on cultural aspects in the US. Therefore, the phase-in culture between the time period 1914-1945 is different from years prior. As we see through WW2 and The Cold War, our culture will change more due to red scares and a rise in Communism which will put the American people on edge through the time period. As well as those we’ll see new creations o military technology as the nuclear bomb, which gives more of a rise to the US power.