Do you live in NYC? IMHO the best value option for finance-related jobs is Baruch. Punches above its weight with employers. For CS, Stonybrook.
The question you’re asking- does the extra cost get justified with a higher salary- has about a zillion posts on CC already. There is no conclusive answer, mainly because you are trying to predict the labor markets in five years (impossible) AND predict your own academic performance (very hard to do, you’ve never been to college) AND predict your own interests (exceptionally hard to do, since you may fall in love with urban planning or econometrics your freshman year and completely change your career goals).
There are a couple of things that are not likely to change- if you end up a B student in college, you are not likely to get hired by Bridgewater, DE Shaw, Goldman Sachs, regardless of where you graduate from. If you go to Yale or Columbia, you can get hired by one of those places majoring in physics or history- as long as your math skills are top top top. There are no guarantees though- you can go to Columbia, have a 4.0 average in CS, and still struggle to get the kind of job you want mainly because industries shift rather quickly these days, and recruiting cycles are pretty long (students start interviewing for their internships in the Fall of junior year, hoping to get an offer for full time employment at the end of the summer BEFORE senior year, for a job that won’t start until August of that next year) so companies respond to market pullbacks and recessions very aggressively (i.e. canceling recruiting events) so they don’t get stuck with an incoming class much bigger than they need.
My advice? Figure out what you and your parents can afford. Go from there. If someone has to donate a kidney on the down-low for cash to afford Columbia, you can’t afford it. Move on. Affordable means-- you take the maximum government loan, whatever your parents can take from savings and current income, you get a job on campus to pay for incidentals, travel home. Either need based aid or merit aid if you qualify. And that’s your budget.