SAT writing! Help? (: QUESTIONS

<ol>
<li> Although the kings and queens of England are considered Canada’s monarchs, true political power lies with the prime minister, that person is elected by the Canadian citizenry.
(A) true political power lies with the prime minister, that person is elected
(B) the person who holds true political power is the prime minister, which is elected
(C) true political power lies with the prime minister, who is elected
(D) the prime minister, the source of true political power, elected
(E) true political power is with the prime minister and is elected</li>
</ol>

<p>I picked D, it's C</p>

<ol>
<li>The opposing opinions expressed were that the school should be torn down and, on the other hand, to keep it as a historical landmark.
(A) were that the school should be torn down and, on the other hand, to keep it
(B) was that the school should be torn down or kept
(C) were that the school should be torn down and that it should be kept
(D) were about them tearing the school down and them keeping the school
(E) were if they should tear the school down and keeping it</li>
</ol>

<p>I picked D, it's C</p>

<ol>
<li>Feeling, perhaps, that their votes do not matter, the number of young people going to the polls are becoming increasingly smaller.
(A) the number of young people going to the polls are becoming increasingly smaller
(B) the number of young people going to the polls is increasingly smaller
(C) increasingly smaller numbers of young people are going to the polls
(D) young people are going to the polls in increasingly smaller numbers
(E) young people, who in increasingly smaller numbers are going to the polls</li>
</ol>

<p>I picked A, but it's D</p>

<ol>
<li><p>The problem with D is that there is no main independent clause. Can "the prime minister elected by the Canadian citizenry" stand alone as a sentence?</p></li>
<li><p>The major problem with D is that the meaning is altered. The original sentence explains the two different viewpoints, whereas choice D only states that "the opposing opinions were about tearing the school down and keeping the school as a historical landmark". Not many historical landmarks are burnt down.</p></li>
<li><p>Here is a problem with a dangling modifier. The phrase "feeling that their votes do not matter" should describe the "young people". In choice A, the phrase corresponds with the "number" which is not logical.</p></li>
</ol>

<p>Also an easier way to notice that A) in 14. can't be right:</p>

<p>the number of young people going to the polls are becoming increasingly smaller.</p>

<p>"Number" is singular and therefore "are" does not describe it properly.</p>

<p>Thank you both. It really helped!!! :D</p>

<p>Also D is incorrect for 13 because it would need to say their tearing down the school and their keeping the school. Which also raises the question, who is they?</p>

<p>hope there will be someone answering
for number 14, whats wrong with choice C? i chose D but i was not sure why C was incorrect.</p>

<p>^
Choice C) is incorrect. The subject of the sentence is "numbers", and the verb is "are going". "people" is an object of preposition and cannot be the subject. Logically, numbers don't "go"; people do.</p>

<p>In addition, "Feeling, perhaps that...." is placed near the subject "numbers", when the phrase should be describing people.</p>