Sorry, sorry

<p>cheap buggers at my school. I say! for shame…</p>

<p><a href=“[/url]”></a>
Historically, it was most frequently used as a means to suppress political enemies, but it was sometimes considered a form of entertainment for the public as well.</p>

<p>In modern democratic societies it can be used as a tool for political advancement of government officials, as a public display of intolerance of crime.</p>

<p>• Asphyxiation (or strangulation), such as by Garrotte
• Blood eagle (possibly a myth)
• Boiling to death
• Burning, especially for religious heretics and witches on the stake
• Brazen bull
• Breaking on the Wheel
• Burial (alive, also known as the pit)
• Crucifixion
• Crushing by a weight, abruptly or as a slow ordeal - see also animals
• Decapitation, or beheading (as by sword, axe or guillotine)
• Disembowelment
• Dismemberment
• Disruption (a form of dismemberment)
• Drawing and quartering (Considered by many to be the most “cruel” of punishments)
• Drowning
• Electric chair
• Explosives
• Exsanguination
• Flaying = skinning
• Fustuarium - see also for not always lethal successors
• Gassing
• Hanging
• Impalement
• Lethal injection
• Iron Maiden
• Keelhauling (not always lethal) and walking the plank (if not mythical)
• Pressing
• Poisoning
• Sawing
• Scaphism and similar methods mentioned there
• Shooting can be performed either
o by Firing squad
o by a single shooter (such as the neck shot, often performed on a kneeling prisoner, as in present PR China in significant numbers)
o (especially collectively) by cannon or machine gun
• Snake pit
• Starvation and Dehydration
• Stoning
• Various animal-related methods
o Tearing apart by horses, e.g. Ancient China (using five horses) or “quartering,” with four horses, and in The Song of Roland
o Attack/devouring by animals, such as dogs or wolves, as in Ancient Rome and the Biblical lion’s den, by rodents (such as rats), by carnivorous fish (such as sharks), by crabs or by insects (such as ants)
o Poisonous bites from scorpions, snakes, spiders etcetera
o Crushing by elephant or trampling by a herd or by horsemen, as practiced by the Mongolian hordes </p>

<pre><code>Country Executions Executions per 100 million residents

<p>1 Kuwait
9+ 400
2 China
3,400+ 260
3 Iran
159+ 230
4 Singapore
6+ 140
5 Saudi Arabia
33+ 130
6 Vietnam
64+ 77
7 Belarus
5+ 48
8 Yemen
6+ 30
9 United States
59 20
10 Pakistan
15+ 9
11 Egypt
6+ 8
12 Bangladesh
7+ 5</p>

<p>Most democratic countries today have abolished the death penalty, including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, almost all of Europe, and much of Latin America, though in Honduras there is a political debate raging about whether, having been abolished in 1956, it should be restored.
Among western countries, the first to abolish capital punishment was Portugal, where the last execution took place in 1846, and the punishment was officially abolished in 1867.
In all, 89 countries have abolished the death penalty altogether, another 28 countries have not executed anyone in the last ten years, and 9 officially maintain the death penalty only for “exceptional crimes” (e.g., war crimes).
In 1949, Federal Republic of Germany and Costa Rica became the first countries in the world to ban the death penalty in their constitutions. As of 2005, the constitutions of 42 countries prohibit capital punishment.
Countries that retain it include Japan, the United States, and a number of countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and the Caribbean. Altogether, 74 countries still use the death penalty.
In the United States, the issue of capital punishment is largely left up to the individual states; the federal government reserves the right to perform executions, but does so extremely infrequently. Twelve states have legally abolished the death penalty. Some have reformed the policies, by declaring a moratorium on its use, as has been done in Illinois under Governor George H. Ryan.
In 2005, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Roper v. Simmons that the death penalty cannot be applied to persons who were under age 18 at the time of commission of the crime. That decision resulted in 72 convicted murderers being taken off death row.
Although the People’s Republic of China accounts for the vast majority of executions in the world, it does not allow for the executions of those under 18.
Several international organizations have made the abolition of the death penalty a requirement of membership, most notably the European Union and the Council of Europe. The European Union and the Council of Europe require abolition of the death penalty by states wishing to join, but are willing to accept a moratorium as an interim measure. Thus, while Russia is a member of the Council of Europe, and practices the death penalty in law, it has not made use of it since becoming a member of the Council. Another example is Latvia which entered a moratorium in 1996. Latvia retains the death penalty in extraordinary circumstances (as does Albania), and is the only member of the European Union not to have ratified the 13th Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights (which prohibits the death penalty in all circumstances). Latvia’s parliament has, however, signed the 13th Protocol.
Turkey has recently, as a move towards EU membership, undergone a reform of its legal system. Previously there was a de facto moratorium on death penalty in Turkey as the last execution took place in 1984. The death penalty was removed from peacetime law as in August 2002, and in May 2004 Turkey amended its constitution in order to remove capital punishment in all circumstances. As a result of this, Europe is a continent free of the death penalty in practice (all states having ratified the Sixth Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights), with the sole exception of Belarus, which is not a member of the Council of Europe. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe has also been lobbying for Council of Europe observer states who practice the death penalty, namely the United States and Japan, to abolish it also or lose their observer status.
According to Victor Hugo: «Que dit la loi? Tu ne tueras pas! Comment le dit-elle? En tuant!» (“What does the law say? You will not kill! How does it say it? By killing!”).
The death penalty is a violation of human rights primarily Article 3 and Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Some assert that it violates the “natural rights” laid out by 17th-century English philosopher John Locke who set out many of the foundations of American law. The American Declaration of Independence also includes the “right to life” as the first listed of the natural rights. While those against capital punishment might claim this as an irrevocable right, proponents may claim that, as protection from abuse is the basis of such rights, that the right was forfeit by the seriousness of the crimes.
Criminal proceedings are fallible. Some people facing the death penalty have been exonerated, sometimes only minutes before their scheduled execution. Others have been executed before evidence clearing them is discovered. While criminal trials not involving the death penalty can also involve mistakes, there is at least the opportunity for those mistakes to be corrected. This has been particularly relevant in cases where new forensic methods (such as DNA) have become available.</p>

<p>Since 1973, 119 people in 25 US states have been released from death row with evidence of their innocence.
• In the US, over 95% of defendants cannot afford legal representation and end up being represented by court-appointed attorneys whose credentials are distinctly mediocre. Opponents argue that the prosecution has an unfair advantage.
A recent study showed that just 44% of Black Americans support the death penalty
• The death penalty is unnecessary. This view, espoused by Pope John Paul II, an outspoken critic of capital punishment, holds that modern prisons are secure enough to reliably protect society from further harm by death row prisoners, whereas in centuries past, life imprisonment may not have been feasible. Therefore, the death penalty serves no purpose to society and violates the sanctity of human life.
• It denies the possibility of rehabilitation. Some hold that a judicial system should have the role of educating and reforming those found guilty of crimes. If one is executed he will never have been educated and made a better person. A Christian variant of this argument would be that no one can place themselves beyond salvation, so society should never give up hope of rehabilitation.
• An International Gallup poll undertaken in 2000 found that 60% of western Europeans opposed the death penalty. In France, a TNS Sofres poll revealed that twenty years after abolition of capital punishment, 49% of respondents opposed reintroduction of the policy compared with 44% who wanted to reinstate capital punishment. In 2000, a poll in Germany found the percentage of West Germans in favor of capital punishment at just 23% the lowest level in Europe. Just 37% of East Germans favored capital punishment in 2000. (Financial Times, August 22, 2003) A recent US study found that 41% of the public voted in favor of capital punishment, whilst a higher percentage of 44% voted against the death penalty when voters were offered alternative sentences. The most popular alternative to capital punishment being "life without parole" and some form of restitution to the families of victims. [14] In the United States it is argued that most other developed nations have eliminated the death penalty.
Capital punishment may actually cost more money than life in prison due to the extra costs of the courts such as mistrials, appeals, and extra supervisions. Additionally, many (if not a majority) of death sentences are overturned on appeal. So the cost is incurred, regardlesss of the result.
• Capital punishment causes long term emotional injury to the family and friends of the person executed greater than that experienced by other methods of punishment. The mother, father, spouse and children of a person executed are permanently and deeply affected by the execution event and the human loss even though they may have played no part in the alleged crime. Relatives and friends may also be affected by feelings of guilt if they fear they contributed to the event in some way, say by not raising or protecting the child adequately during development. These feelings may never be resolved because the person they need to communicate with is dead. </p>

Enforcement was driven by complaints, and too many schools who did not meet the guidelines slipped through the cracks.
Opponents of affirmative action regard it as government-sanctioned racial discrimination, and also believe that it’s demeaning to members of minority groups, that affirmative action wrongly sends a condescending message to minorities that they are not capable enough to be considered on their own merits.
• Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 1978
The Supreme Court held that the UC Davis medical school admissions program violated the equal protection clause with the institution of quotas for underrepresented minorities. However, the court ruled that race could be one of the factors in university admissions.
• Grutter v. Bollinger, 2003
The Supreme Court ruled that race could be used as a criterion in school admissions and that it would not be in violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. The Court found that the University of Michigan Law School's narrowly-tailored policy was constitutional and appropriate "to further a compelling interest in obtaining the educational benefits that flow from a diverse student body."
• Gratz v. Bollinger, 2003
The Supreme Court ruled that the University of Michigan's point-based undergraduate admissions policy that took race into account numerically was too mechanical and unconstitutional.
• Greece Greece has quotas setting a lower limit for women participating in election lists of political parties for most of the election processes.
• European Union 2000/43/EU (29 June 2000) concerns the application of the principle of equality without regard to race or ethnic origin (ABl. EU Number L 180 p 22), anti-racism directive, to be implemented in national law of the member states.
• China The People's Republic allows non-Han ethnic groups (around 9% of the population) to be exempt from the One-child policy, and there is a quota for minority representatives in the National Assembly in Beijing, as well as other realms of government.
• India In order to redress the historical inequity of the caste system, certain positions in university and government are reserved for previously oppressed castes. A large percentage of College admissions and government job quotas are reserved for these castes. There have been recent attempts to introduce it into the private job sector and for Muslim minorities.
• Malaysia The bumiputra laws are a form of affirmative action meant to provide more opportunity for the majority ethnic Malay population versus the historical financial dominance of the Malaysian Chinese and Malaysian Indian populations.
• New Zealand Individuals of Maori or other Polynesian descent are often afforded preferential access to university courses, and scholarships.
• Southeast Asia In countries such as Indonesia, affirmative action programs give natives preference over Han Chinese who have immigrated into the country.
• United Kingdom Under the 1998 Good Friday Agreement the law requires that the Police Service of Northern Ireland recruit equal numbers of Catholics and Protestants (including Anglicans).
• Slovakia The Constitutional Court declared in October 2005 that affirmative action i.e. 'providing advantages for people of an ethnic or racial minority group' as being against its Constitution. (
• South Africa The Employment Equity Act aims to promote and achieve equity in the workplace, by encouraging equal opportunity amongst all workers. It includes efforts to identify reasons for inequalities and change the employment rates of previously underrepresented groups for a more equitable job market.
• Germany Article 3 of the German constitution provides for equal rights of all people regardless of sex or race. In recent years there has been a long public debate about whether to issue programs that would grant women a privileged access to jobs in order to fight discrimination. There were programs stating that if men and women had equal qualifications, women had to be preferred for a job. The anti-discrimination law (Antidiskriminierungsgesetz; ADG), which is yet to pass, aims at improving the protection of minorities.
• Japan The Law on Securing, Etc. of Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment issued first in 1972, provided that men and women should have equal chances in employment. Most workers are still male.</p>

<p>What's all this?</p>

<p>hahah, that's 26e's way of getting around his school's stingy rules. every now and then he posts some assignment he has to print out, but the school charges to print and don't allow the use of email, so he posts it on CC and prints it out at home. i think this is the third one, right, 26e? ^_^</p>

<p>man i should do this too</p>

<p>You have to pay to print things at your school? wow, that sucks</p>

<p>26, they have a login system for the computers to track what you print? How's it all set up?</p>

<p>that really sucks that you have to print things and can't have email. we totally abuse the printing at school because it's free.</p>

<p>my school also charges to print. at my school, there's only one printer, and it's behind the librarian's front desk. so no one can get their print outs anyways, unless they're a librarian.</p>

<p>we have printers all over my school. and you can print whatever you want. as long as a teacher doesn't notice, of course. we don't have email addresses though. and if we use email (or go on any "noneducational site") we can't use the computers for a certain amount of time. people still use it though. myspace and xanga are the only things people get caught on. oh, and porn, haha</p>

<p>my school is out of paper haha, we spent 26 mil on a new gym, but we can't afford paper</p>

<p>thats sad, cujoe. add on a 0.00000000000000000000000000000001% sales tax on iPods in your county. That should pay for what, 10,000 reams of paper?</p>

<p>yeah, the printer in the library is guarded by student volunteers, and u have to go up and collect the paper, and then they demand money.</p>

<p> a flash drive for 15-20 bucks =) It will make your life easier</p>

<p>wuh-oh! computer talk.....</p>

<p>i have an mp3 flash drive... but this is easier</p>

<p>like lou ferrigno in the hulk... ARRRGH!</p>