Y2020 Nobel Prize Winners


*Harvey J. Alter/color
*[color=blue]Michael Houghton/color
*[color=blue]Charles M. Rice/color

[color=red]“for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.”

Education Background:
Harvey J. Alter - BA and MD (University of Rochester)
Michael Houghton - BSc (University of East Anglia), Ph.D (King’s College London)
Charles M. Rice - BS (UC Davis), Ph.D (Caltech)


*Roger Penrose/color
*[color=blue]Reinhard Genzel/color
*[color=blue]Andrea Ghez/color

[color=red]“for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity” and “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy” respectively

Education Background:
Roger Penrose - BSc (University College London), MSc and DPhil (St John’s College, Cambridge U)
Reinhard Genzel – BSc (University of Freiburg), MSc and DPhil (U of Freiburg)
Andrea Ghez - BS (MIT), Ph.D (Caltech)


*Emmanuelle Charpentier/color
*[color=blue]Jennifer A. Doudna/color

[color=red]“for the development of a method for genome editing”

Education Background:
Emmanuelle Charpentier - BSc, MSc, DPhil (Pierre and Marie Curie University), Ph.D (Pasteur Institute)
Jennifer A. Doudna – BA (Pomona College), Ph.D (Harvard University)


*Paul R. Milgrom/color
*[color=blue]Robert B. Wilson/color

[color=red]“for improvements to auction and inventions of new auction formats”

Education Background:
Paul R. Milgrom - BA (U of Michigan); MS, Ph.D (Stanford University)
Robert B. Wilson - BA, MBA, DBA (Harvard University)


*Louise Glück/color

[color=red]“for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal”

Education Background:
Louise Glück - Sarah Lawrence College and Columbia University (but did not obtain a degree.)


*World Food Programme

“for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.”

And her post doc work at CU. We’re claiming her as a Buff.

Under Thomas Cech, a previous Nobel winner in Chemistry.

Let’s go Dr.Doudna!! *flings Berkeley apparel into the air

Agree. According to her curriculum vitae and quote from Wikipedia,

“Doudna went to the lab of Thomas Cech at the University of Colorado Boulder to crystallize and determine the three-dimensional structure of a ribozyme for the first time, so ribozyme structure could be compared with that of enzymes, the catalytic proteins. She started this project at the Cech lab in 1991 and finished it at Yale University in 1996.”


Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

She has been a professor at UC Berkeley since 2002. And

“in 2012, Doudna and her colleagues made a new discovery that reduces the time and work needed to edit genomic DNA. Their discovery relies on a protein named Cas9 found in the Streptococcus bacterial “CRISPR” immune system that cooperates with guide RNA and works like scissors. The protein attacks its prey, the DNA of viruses, and slices it up, preventing it from infecting the bacterium. This system was discovered by Francisco Mojica, but she and Emmanuelle Charpentier showed for the first time that they could use different RNAs to program it to cut and edit different DNAs.”


The CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing technology is truly remarkable - a revolutionary disease-modifying discovery!

UChicago has asked for a recount.

The black hole breakthroughs are also super extraordinary, but in a rather distant way.

I assumed the MIT team led by Dr. Feng Zhang must be feeling down.

“The Nobel Committee’s decision not to include Zhang was one of the biggest surprises. The geneticist has been commonly named, with Charpentier and Doudna, as the trio most likely to win a Nobel prize for CRISPR. Zhang’s team, in an early 2013 Science paper, modified the CRISPR–Cas9 system to make precise genome cuts in human and mouse cells.”


And it’s so funny by watching the YouTube, “Stanford Economist Rings Colleague’s Doorbell to Tell Him They Won Nobel Prize” in the middle of the night.

Interesting to read a CBS local news article, “Unique Twist To Cal-Stanford Rivalry; Stanford Economists, Berkeley Scientists Dominate Nobel Prize Awards This Year.”


The rivalry contintues.

Andrew Ghez is a 1983 alum of the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (UCLS), a private nursery-12 school.


Post #17 cont.

OK, Robert Wilson was offered an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from UChicago in 1995.


“ Paul R. Milgrom - BA (U of Michigan); MS, Ph.D (Stanford University)”

Paul grew up right down the street from our family in suburban Detroit. Congrats to him!